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Author Guidelines

International Journal of Advances in Medical Biotechnology - IJAMB is an international peer-reviewed research journal that publishes Original Papers, Reviews, Mini-reviews, Perspectives, Emerging Technologies and Spotlights relating scientific discoveries and inventions in the disciplines of medical biotechnology and chemical medicine technology to their conversion into commercial products and processes. Submitted papers should indicate areas of novelty and significant advances to the current state of knowledge and understanding of the topic. Please read the Journal’s Aims and Scope for a detailed view of the publication areas.

Types of matter

Spotlight A Spotlight is a brief, lightly referenced article about an outstanding area, newsworthy advance or event in the field. Spotlights may report on the contemporary significance of new or established experimental methodologies and discoveries. These articles should be written in a lively and accessible style, be accompanied by a one-sentence abstract, a provocative image and caption and generally should not exceed 6 double-spaced manuscript pages (including tables and figures).

Perspective A Perspective is a lightly referenced scholarly opinion piece about current or future directions in a field. A Perspective can serve to assess the science directly concerned with a particular topic or report on relevant issues that may arise from the discipline (for example, policy, effects on society, regulatory issues and controversies). Perspectives that address interdisciplinary research areas or experimental results with significance to a broader audience are of particular interest to the Editors. The Perspective should be accompanied by an abstract and generally range from 6 to 12 double-spaced manuscript pages (including tables and figures).

Mini-review A Mini-review is a sharply focused summary and assessment of the relevant literature concerning any topic covered within the Aims and Scope of the Journal. These reviews are particularly effective when discussing cutting-edge advancements in the discipline. Mini-reviews should be accompanied by an abstract, are generally no longer than 12 double-spaced manuscript pages (2500 words including few tables and figures), and are selectively referenced.

Review A full-length critical Review provides a summary and discussion of the relevant literature about any topic covered within the Aims and Scope of the Journal. Reviews should be accompanied by an abstract and should be a maximum of 6000 words excluding references and tables.

Emerging Technologies This series of articles focuses on significant advances in technology that could lead in the near future to substantial improvements in commercial activities. The aim is to provide an authoritative discussion of newer technologies that are emerging from the research environment into industry. The articles should provide scientists, engineers and health professionals with sufficient information to allow assessment of the technology and its potential for commercial application. The articles should not exceed 10 double-spaced manuscript pages with references confined to seminal articles and review articles.

In addition to front matter the main aim of the Journal is to publish peer-reviewed research and this is achieved through:

Research Articles These form the major type of publication and details of the precise format for submission are given below. Important features required in a Research Paper include a Compound Abstract; Introduction setting out the work in the context of published literature and clearly indicating advances in knowledge; Experimental Procedures in sufficient detail to allow replication of the work and including analysis of replication and precision of data; concise presentation of Experimental Results followed by Discussion of significance of the findings without repeating earlier material.

We consider to analize content articles as commissioned, but the Journal also warmly welcomes ideas. Please contact the Editorial Office ( with your proposal; once a proposal is accepted or commissioned, detailed format guidelines will be provided. In general, the Journal prefers lively pieces of interest to a wider audience. All articles are subject to peer review.


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. a ) All manuscripts must be submitted in A4 format, single column, using double spacing and leaving adequate margins. Each page should be numbered individually. Text lines should be numbered, with the numbers restarting on each page.

    b ) Tabular material must be clearly set out with the number of columns in each table kept to a minimum. Tables, numbered consecutively with arabic numerals, must be typed on separate sheets and placed after the references, leaving sufficient space around the copy for printer's instructions. Tables must have concise headings that enable them to be comprehensible without reference to the main text. Please ensure that the data in columns are consistent in the number of significant figures.

    c ) Number illustrations with Arabic numerals consecutively, in order of appearance in the text. Keep lettering on illustrations to a minimum and include essential details in the legend. Illustrations should be submitted in black and white, with no background colour. Figures should be placed on separate sheets after the main body of the text.

    Save each figure as a separate file and include the source file (i.e. a file in the program in which the image was originally created). The figures should be of high resolution (300 dpi minimum for photos, 800 dpi minimum for graphs, drawings, etc., at the size the figure will be printed). Numbers and symbols incorporated in the figure must be large enough to be legible after reduction in figure size.

    We cannot publish scans or photocopied figures or accept PowerPoint, Excel, Encapsulated PostScript (EPS), Roshal Archive (RAR) files. Suitable file types include Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG), Tagged Image File Format (TIFF) and Microsoft Word (doc or docx) files.

    You must have appropriate written permission to reproduce previously published figures.

    Please note: the Journal does accept colour figures and photographs because we have on line publication..

    d ) Footnotes should be kept to a minimum and indicated by asterisks and daggers (*, †).

    e ) Number compounds with bold arabic numerals ( 1 , 2 ).

    f ) Symbols, formulae and equations must be written with great care. The symbols recommended in the various parts of the British Standard 1991 should be used. SI units should be used; these are described in, for example, the British Standards Publication PD 5686, The Use of SI Units.

    For biochemical nomenclature, as far as possible, authors should follow the recommendations of the IUPAC-IUB Commission of Biochemical Nomenclature.

    Chemicals when first used should be given the systematic name together with the trivial name or abbreviation in brackets, following which the trivial name/abbreviation can be used.

    For enzymes, authors are requested to quote the Enzyme Commission (EC) number and systematic name once in the abstract and once in the text, both times after the first mention of the enzyme.

    Trade names, where used, should be indicated and acknowledged as such.

    g ) Plants, animals and microorganisms should be given their full binominal Latin name, in italic, in the title, abstract, headings and legends of tables and figures, and at the first mention in the text. A collection number, strain number or name should be quoted, e.g. Escherichia coli (K12). Thereafter abbreviate them in the text, e.g. E. coli.

    h ) The names and location of suppliers/makers of equipment, chemicals, etc. should be provided. The details should be given in the first mention, then subsequently only the maker’s/supplier’s name.

    i ) References should be formatted in the Vancouver style. Unpublished work should be referred to only in the text: (Smith J, unpublished) (Brown CD, private communication).

    References to the literature should be indicated by numerical superscripts 1 in order of appearance 2,3 and following any punctuation. 4–6

    References should be listed in numerical order at the end of the paper, giving all the authors with their initials after the respective surnames. Give the full title of the paper in the language in which it appeared or an accurate English translation. Journal titles should be abbreviated as in Chemical Abstracts, Biological Abstracts or Medline. If the journal is not included in these lists, then give the title in full. Where possible, the Digital Object Identifier (DOI) for the reference should be included at the end of the reference.

    Please follow this style and order: author's surname, initial(s) of forename(s), paper title, journal title (in italic), volume number (in bold), first and last page numbers, year of publication (in brackets) e.g.:


    1.Patel TD and Bott TR, Oxygen diffusion through a developing biofilm of Pseudomonas fluorescens . J Chem Technol Biotechnol 52 :187–199 (1991).


    2. Barros MRA, Oliveira AC and Cabral JMS, Integration of enzyme catalysis in an extractive fermentation process, in Biocatalysis in Organic Media , ed by Laane C, Tramper J and Lilly MD. Elsevier Science Publishers, Amsterdam, pp 185–196 (1987).

    Conference Proceedings

    3. Bortun AI, Pardini JJ, Butler CJ, Khainokov SA and Garcia JR, Zirconium based inorganic ion exchangers, in Ion Exchange Technology for Today and Tomorrow, Proc. IEX2004 Cambridge, UK, ed. Cox M, Society of Chemical Industry, London, pp 125-132 (2004)

    When quoting patents give the name of the applicant(s), the title, the country and patent number (or application number) and the year of publication, thus:

    4. Hegner MB and Wendt KL, Method of sorting seeds. UK Patent 1470133 (1977).

    Online citations to online-only journals and books should include the author, title, website and date of access:

    5. Wright NA, The Standing of UK Histopathology Research 1997–2002. [accessed 7 October 2004].

    All other online citations should only be cited in the text with the author’s name and the website address: (Brown CD (

    j ) JCTB accepts submission of supporting information. This may include extensive tables, graphs, spectra, calculations, and other material beyond that which is essential to the printed paper. This will be included in the online edition of the Journal but will not be part of the printed article. Supporting information should be denoted as such when submitting via ScholarOne Manuscripts. It should be uploaded as a separate file at the time the manuscript is submitted for peer review.

  2. Bioethics

    Authors submitting a manuscript containing in vivo animal work should submit details of all relevant Ethics Committee approval and authorization (e.g. institute and/or government) and all relevant reference numbers. Details will be printed as a footnote to the paper.

  3. The contribution is original and unpublished, and is not being evaluated for publication by another journal; Otherwise, it should be justified in "Comments to the editor".

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